Recent stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is displaying great promise.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an on-going project which is exhibiting excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently doing clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure entails transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are definitely the cells from the pancreas that produce insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have already been destroyed and so no insulin is manufactured. These patients need to be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Because the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant will give warning signs once the blood sugar levels are too low. Many Type 1 diabetics haven’t any warning and often just black out that may be harmful when driving or performing other essential tasks.

Islet cell transplantation can not treat many instances of Type 2 diabetes but is a feasible cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who may have Type 1 diabetes. But, presently there are not sufficient donors to go around with just around 3,500 donor organs available last year. Most patients at present need 2 transplantations to get entirely off insulin therapy.

The solution to this issue is to make islets inside the lab utilizing stems cells. There is certainly research happening using questionable embryonic stem cells as well as stem cells extracted from adults. But because of the ethical and political debate concerning stem cells this pathway towards a cure is moving slowly and gradually. People who think that life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research because the cells are derived from human embryos that are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells have not become full grown into human cells and have the greatest potential to become any type of cells inside the human body, which includes hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.

Opponents to this research think that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the answer to this challenge. But you’ll find studies which raise queries about the potential of these cells as therapies.

A recently available published study reported that an intestinal hormone brought on stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are generally called beta cells, but there’s debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be reproduced.

Although the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists feel that this research supports the most promise for success for diabetics to be able to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start creating the hormone naturally.

Stem cell research and diabetes cure is definitely an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the struggle to discover a remedy for this serious disease.