How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject for scientific research and displays great promise.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject for medical research and shows great promise. The University of Pennsylvania is presently doing clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.
The new procedure requires transplanting islet cells from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are classified as the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The method is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells are actually destroyed therefore no insulin is made. These patients must be on insulin therapy throughout their lives. Considering that the cells are transplanted to the liver, the body after the first transplant will give warning signs when the blood sugar is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and quite often just black out which may be hazardous when driving or executing other critical tasks health and advice.
Islet cell transplantation can’t treat most cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a possible remedy for the over 700,000 people in the United States that have Type 1 diabetes. But, currently there are not sufficient donors to serve with only approximately 3,500 donor organs readily available a year ago. Most patients presently need 2 transplantations to get totally off insulin therapy.
The solution to this challenge is to make islets in the lab using stems cells. There is presently research occurring using dubious embryonic stem cells and also stem cells extracted from adults. But because of the ethical and also political debate with regards to stem cells this road to a cure is going slowly. People who believe that life starts at conception strongly fight embryonic stem cell research as the cells come from human embryos that are destroyed in the process. Embryonic stem cells haven’t grown up into human cells and possess the greatest possibility to become any sort of cells in the body, including hair, skin, blood, toenail etc.
Competitors to this research think that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you can find studies which raise queries about the ability of these cells as remedies.
A recent published study described that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells taken from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – they’re called beta cells, but there’s debate over these studies and it has not been able to be duplicated.
Although the research making use of stem cells is in its baby stages many scientists feel that this research supports the most promise for achievement for diabetics to be able to stop taking insulin injection after their own bodies begin producing the hormone the natural way diabetics.
How stem cells treat diabetes is an ever ongoing subject for medical research and exhibits great promise in the struggle to find a remedy for this long-term disease.