Recent stem cell research and diabetes

Stem cell research and diabetes treatment is definitely an ongoing project and it is exhibiting great promise.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is surely an ongoing project and is exhibiting me diabetes help excellent promise. The University of Pennsylvania is currently performing clinical studies for a new surgery referred to as Islet Cell Transplantation.

The new procedure consists of transplanting islet cells coming from a matching donor. Beta islet cells are the cells from the pancreas that secrete insulin. The procedure is for Type 1 diabetics whose Beta islet cells have been destroyed therefore no insulin is produced. These patients must be on insulin therapy for the remainder of their lives. Because the cells are transplanted into the liver, the body following the first transplant will give warning signs if the blood glucose is too low. Many Type 1 diabetics don’t have any warning and quite often just black out that may be harmful when driving or performing other critical tasks.

Islet cell transplantation cannot treat many cases of Type 2 diabetes but is a probable cure for the over 700,000 people in the United States who have got Type 1 diabetes. But, at present there aren’t sufficient donors to go around with only around 3,500 donor organs available during the past year. Most patients currently need 2 transplantations to get completely off insulin therapy.

The answer to this challenge is to make islets within the lab making use of stems cells. There is certainly research going on using debatable embryonic stem cells and also stem cells taken from adults. But due to the ethical and political debate regarding stem cells this pathway towards a cure is moving gradually. People who feel that life starts at conception strongly oppose embryonic stem cell research as the cells originate from human embryos that are destroyed along the way. Embryonic stem cells haven’t become full grown into human cells and also have the greatest potential to grow to be any type of cells in the human body, such as hair, skin, blood, toenail and so forth.

Opponents for this research feel that adult stem cells taken from adult bone marrow is the solution to this problem. But you will find studies which raise questions about the capability of these cells as therapies.A recently available published study noted that an intestinal hormone triggered stem cells extracted from a pancreas to turn into islet cells that secrete insulin – these are typically called beta cells, there is however debate over this research and it has not had the opportunity to be reproduced.

Even though the research utilizing stem cells is in its infant stages quite a few scientists believe that this research supports the most promise for success for diabetics in order to quit taking insulin injection after their bodies start producing the hormone normally.Stem cell research and diabetes cure is an ongoing project and is displaying great promise in the struggle to look for a remedy for this chronic disease.